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Holly - Carissa

Holly - Carissa
Holly - Carissa Holly - Carissa Holly - Carissa
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Price: $8.99

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Plant Profile
Botanical Name Ilex cornuta 'Carissa'
Features Carissa holly is an outstanding dwarf and dense grower. The leaves are dark glossy green with one spine at the tip. Excellent for use as a low hedge or in mass plannings. No berries.
Exposure Full sun or partial shade
Hardiness Zone USDA Zones 7-9
Mature Size 3' Tall, 4-5' Wide
Genus Description Holly (Ilex) is a genus of over 400 species of evergreen and deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from woodland in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, grown for their foliage and berries. The leaves may have entire, spine-toothed, spiny, or rarely scalloped margins, and are usually simple and alternate, sometimes in opposite pairs. Flowers, borne from spring to early summer, are produced singly or in clusters or cymes in the leaf axils. They are small, cup­shaped, up to ¾ in across, each with 3-8 petals, usually white or cream, but may be pink, green, or lavender- blue. Male and female flowers are usually borne on separate plants; both sexes are needed to obtain fruits. In temperate climates, hollies bear fruits in autumn. The red or black, occasionally white, orange, or yellow berries are spherical, sometimes ellipsoid, and may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. The cornuta specie (Chinese holly or Burfordii) is a dense rounded, evergreen shrub with rectangular, glossy, dark green leaves, 2-3in long, usually with prominent spines. Bears long-lasting, large red berries, half inch across.
Care Tips
Cultivation Grow in moist but well- drained, moderately fertile, humus-rich soil in full sun (which produces the best leaf color in variegated hollies) or in partial shade. Planting or transplanting is best done in early spring. If pruning is needed, remove wayward or crossing shoots to maintain permanent, healthy framework. Prune in late winter or early spring, when dormant; some in late summer or early autumn to prevent bleeding of sap.
Pests and Diseases Young shoots are susceptible to aphids; scale insects and leaf miners may be problems on evergreen species. Sometimes suffer from Phytophthora root rot.

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